In researching the subject of these Semite
rulers of Egypt called Hyksos (Shepherd Kings) we found significant historic revision; i.e. convenience to deny the truth or support someone's supposition.
The name Hyksos is an Egyptian name that means shepherd kings (Hyk;shepherd, sos; kings). These people were hated and enslaved the indigenious people of Egypt. Rather than try to address all of the revisionist history recorded on the WEB and in many history books, let's look at the facts.
First, these people were known as foreign invaders; people who took control of pharaoh’s throne without a fight from Egypt’s legendary military(s). Even the History Channel in October of 2010 noted that these people moved in and set themselves up as rulers "WITHOUT OPPOSITION."
Next, the Amu, Hyksos, Shepherd Kings and Amalekites are one and the same people. Even opposing historical views tend to agree on this fact. These people hated the Israelites as much as they hated their more powerful neighbors, the Egyptians. Egyptologists validate and verify this information.
What might one find in the Bible that correlates with these fact? The Bible tells us that after 400 years of servitude, the by then very populous Israelites left Egypt under the leadership of Moses.
The Bible tells us the story in The Book of Exodus about the Red Sea incident. The Israelites crossed the Red Sea on dry land and the sea waters returned to their basin when Pharaoh and his army tried to follow.
The Bible also tells us that the Israelites saw dead (drowned) Egyptian soldiers washed up on the shore. This would be to the EAST side of the Red Sea where the Amalekites lived. It doesn’t take a giant leap of brain power to expect that the Amalekites would also see the same thing since this was their side of the Red Sea.
We also know that the Amalekites began an *age-old grudge battle with straggling Israelites. 1 ½ million people (Israelites) marching ten abreast would be a line that stretches 150 miles. Joshua was ordered by Moses to select trained men of war from the ranks of the Israelites, go to the back of the long line of Israelites, and deal with the Amalekite army. He defeated them and the Amalekites turned their attention to their real purpose, invading a leaderless and now powerless Egypt.
Think about this… If Pharaoh and his entire army drowned in the Red Sea, and as the History channel “documentary” put it, the “Amu” moved in without resistance, they set themselves up as “the Hyksos; i.e. became hated Shepherd Kings.”
Why were they hated? They enslaved the Egyptians just as the Egyptians had previously enslaved the Israelites. They stayed in power until 400 years later **King Saul of Israel attacked and defeated them [1 Samuel 15:7-8; 1 Chronicles 4:42-43]. This defeat allowed the Egyptians to re-install an Egyptian Pharaoh as ruler over lower and upper Egypt and became “morally obliged” to Israel.
AHA MOMENT: God tells us several times in the Bible that He will settle the score with those dispise Christians and those who curse Israel. Israel was enslaved by Egypt 400 years. After their ‘exodus” from Egypt, the Amu, Amalekites, Shepherd Kings, Hyksos, all the same people, enslaved the Egyptians for… that’s right, 400 years. Now you know the rest of the Bible story that secular history tries to revise or deny.
* According to the Book of Genesis and 1 Chronicles, Amalek (Hebrew: עֲמָלֵק), was the son of Eliphaz and the grandson of Esau (Gen. 36:12; 1 Chr. 1:36); the chief of an Edomite tribe (Gen. 36:16). His mother was a Horite, a tribe whose territory the descendants of Esau had seized. [WikiPedia]
** Israel was first ruled by Judges for 400 years. King Saul, anointed by the last judge of Israel, Samuel, became the first king of a unified Israel.
Sources: Josephus, Menatho, Papyrus Ipuwer, Brugsch, & Velikovsky, Holy Scriptures, Wiersbe Bible Commentary
Amu - Hyksos - Shepherd Kings - Amalekites (Pharaohs)
Northern Michigan Institute of Bible Studies
Author's Extra Note: Keep in mind that not only did the ruling Pharaoh drown with his mounted and foot soldiers, his son had already died due to the tenth plague; i.e. the supposed next Pharaoh of Egypt. No one was left to officially take control of the Egyptian throne. The Amalekites simply moved into Egypt unapposed. Bear in mind that the Amalekites came into being through Esau, twin brother to Jacob, some 500 years earlier in history. This means they can be identified as Semites, but not Israelites. Contrary to history revisionists, Semites did set themselves up to rule over Egypt, but NOT the Israelite (Jacob's) line. During the time the Amu ruled and enslaved the Egyptians, Israelites were busy setting up the nation of Israel, ruled by judges for their first 400 years as a nation. QUESTION FOR YOU: Who did God tell King Saul to attack shortly after becoming King of Israel? The answer is in the history book called the inspired Word of God... the Bible.