Article #34-Daniel 11:21-35

We left off in the previous article on Daniel 11 with Seleucid Philopator having been (supposedly) poisoned by his younger brother Mithradates; AKA: the notorious Antiochus IV. It is his actions that begin to parallel End Time prophecy regarding the battles between the King of the North and the king of the South. Yes, history identifies the biblical States as Syria and Egypt. These two nations may not be the End Time battling kings but their paths parallel with End Time prophecies.


JIV: In a previous article we pointed out two significant factors.

  1. Israel (Jews) will not, perhaps “cannot” accept an End Time deceiver other than one of their own kind. We all know that the ‘Jews’ anticipate a Messiah as they do not accept Jesus as the one. They accept that their Messiah will come from within their own people and be from the Tribe of Judah; i.e. a JEW. This is a descendant of King David.
  2. Muslims will not fold into or accept anything other than their own version of the future lead by a great Muslim; the 12th Inman (primarily held in very high esteem by the Shi’a. The Sunni branch of Islam does not have imams in the same sense as the Shi’a, an important distinction often overlooked by those outside of the Islamic religion. Both groups await the return of the 12th Inman or messiah who will judge the world converting all faiths to Islam; destroying abstainers, objectors, nonconformists.

So what does this mean? If anti-Christ is from either group, the other side of this same coin will be identified as a counterfeit. There will be a ruler of the north, possibly Europe Union often identified as the resurrected Holy Roman Empire, and a ruler in the Arab (south) being identified as the 12th Inman; Muhammad al Mahdi.

NOTE: We will have more to share on this touchy subject later but this helps set the stage for the following dual or parallel prophecies; prophecies already fulfilled plus End Time prophecy yet to be revealed.

21He  [Seleucid Philopator] will be succeeded by a contemptible person [Antiochus IV Epiphanes “the Illustrious” using his own words. His birth name was Mithradites] who has not been given the honor of royalty [natural succession to the throne; held in contempt by those around him. He had poisoned his older brother Antiochus III]. He will invade the kingdom [Syrian Empire; his own country] when its people feel secure, and he [Antiochus Epiphanes; Life span; 215 B.C. to 164 B.C.] will seize it through intrigue. 22 Then an overwhelming army will be swept away before him; both it [Ptolemy VI Philometer, son of Cleopatra I] and a prince of the covenant [What covenant is not revealed but possibly The Law of Moses; this could have been the High Priest Jason or Onias III but in End Time parallel prophecy, this will be the Jerusalem Temple leadership] will be destroyed. 23 After coming to an agreement with him [Egypt and the Province of Israel], he will act deceitfully, and with only a few people he will rise to power [as will the anti-Christ]. 24 When the richest provinces [those areas supposedly protected by Rome as in an End Time revived Holy Roman Empire] feel secure, he [Epiphanes of the north] will invade them and will achieve what neither his father nor his forefathers did. He will distribute plunder, loot and wealth among his followers [close associates who support him; many deserters of Judaism]. He will plot the overthrow of *fortresses—but only for a time; [*the richest of the provinces under his control. He does this through lies, deceit and intrigue. “Only for a time” may suggest a parallel to End Time, the 7 year Tribulation with; perhaps it being only the last 3 ½ years of Daniel’s 70th week]

JIV AHA MOMENT: Here is from where the origins of the drawing a line (circle) in the sand statement so often used by politicians today. Antiochus Epiphanes invades Egypt that is ruled by his pharaoh nephew, Ptolemy Philometer, son of Cleopatra I. He is threatened by Rome. Withdraw his troops or be considered at-war with Rome. The Roman emissary who was in Egypt at this time demanded an answer from (Antiochus Epiphanes IV) before *stepping over the line in the sand”; an idiom. The Roman Emissary Gaius Popillius Laenas had drawn a circle around Antiochus Epiphanes IV in 168 B.C. a circle in the sand while they both stood on Egyptian soil. He agreed, then took his anger out in Jerusalem, Judaism, slaughtering 80,000 Jews and disgracing the Temple while returning to Syria.

We don’t have time or space to insert the entire setting of this passage’s parallel prophecy to End Time happenings but…

 25 “With a large army he will stir up his strength and courage against the king of the South [Egypt]. The king of the South [Ptolemy VI Philometer Physcon] will wage war [against Epiphanes of Syria] with a large and very powerful army, but he [Ptolemy VI Philometer Physcon; Egypt] will not be able to stand because of the plots devised against him [his own people and Satraps (sub-kings of sort) of Egypt plotted against him including true Egyptians; i.e. Nubians, desiring to replace their ‘GREEK’ Pharaoh with an Egyptian Pharaoh]. 26 Those who eat from the king’s provisions will try to destroy him; his army will be swept away, and many will fall in battle. 27 The two kings [Ptolemy VI Philometer Physcon  and Antiochus Epiphanes], with their hearts bent on evil, will sit at the same table and lie to each other, but to no avail, because an end will still come at the appointed time. 28 The king of the North will return to his own country with great wealth, but his heart will be set against the holy covenant [The Law of Moses being honored in former Israeli territories after being expelled from Egypt by Roman threats of war if he didn’t stand down; step out of the line in the sand]. He will take action [with great anger] against it [Israeli territory – Jews of the Tribe of Judah primarily in and around Jerusalem] and then return to his own country. 29 “At the appointed time he [Epiphanes of Syria] will invade the South again, but this time the outcome will be different from what it was before. 30 Ships of the western coastlands [Rome then; End Time Tribulation?] will oppose him, and he will lose heart. Then he will turn back and vent his fury against the holy covenant [Law of Moses and the Jews in the old Kingdom of Judah; 80,000 slaughtered]. He will return and show favor to those [false and self-centered priests of Judaism; those who preach a false religion rejecting traditional Judaism] who forsake the holy covenant.

 31His armed forces will rise up to desecrate the temple fortress [Jerusalem] and will abolish the daily sacrifice. Then they will set up the abomination that causes desolation. 32 With flattery he will corrupt those (Jews) who have violated the covenant, but the people [True and Orthodox Jews of Jerusalem – the beginning of and rule of the Maccabeus revolt; 167 B.C. to 69 B.C.] who [Maccabee family of father and five sons] know their God will firmly resist him. [after 175 B.C. and just prior to 167 B.C.E. Antiochus Epiphanes of Syria plundered the Temple, captured (again) Jerusalem, offered pig sacrifices on the altar of God, and forbid circumcision, Sabbath worship, and possession of the Law of Moses; manuscripts. He died in 164 B.C.]; 3 ½ years after he began the abomination and desecration of the Temple. The antichrist will do the same thing in 3 ½ years; Jacobs Trouble – Jeremiah 30:7.]

 33 “Those [Jews of Jerusalem; 2 Maccabees 5:11–14] who are wise will instruct many, though for a time they [followers of the High Priest: Menelaus was High Priest in Jerusalem from 171 B.C. to about 161 BC. He was the successor of Jason, the brother of Onias III.] will fall by the sword or be burned or captured or plundered. 34 When they fall, they will receive little help, and many who are not sincere will join them. 35 Some of the wise will stumble, so that they may be refined, purified and made spotless until the time of the end [JIV: This could be a reference to the 144,000 discussed in Revelations 14:3,4; 2nd Advent of Christ], for it will still come at the appointed time.

The King Who Exalts Himself (the interpretation of Daniel 11:1-35 has only some disagreement, BUT…)
From Dan 11:36 on, there is quite a diversity of opinions...

   a. Some believe Antiochus Epiphanes is still the subject
   b. Others suggest that a Roman emperor is being described (a possibility in my humble opinion)
   *c. Still others believe it refers to someone yet to come [Antichrist? Very possible]
   d. JIV: This is part of the watershed prophecy of short term (Antiochus) and a parallel End Time (antichrist); It is probable that the parallel (watershed) different-times prophecy begins at Daniel 11:21, not verse 36.

If this (*c) is correct, the kings (leaders) referred to from this point on in Daniel 11 is symbolic and refer to leaders we do not yet know. They may already be in power today, or very soon will be. It also means from this point forward in Daniel, the territories mentioned are symbolic as was the territories and rulers in Daniel 11:1-35 in actuality but now fulfilled in what we identify as “secular” history. Both forks of this parallel in prophecies from Daniel’s pen and parchment paper go nameless but the first half can be identified as we have done in this Daniel series. It was written BEFORE it played out as today’s history and End Time events are yet to become history.

Old tank used during the 1967 war with the flag of Israel on the Golan, Israel
Bibical History is Secular History

Article #33 of Daniel Study

Naming Names of Daniel 11

Daniel 11 is a full discussion in and of itself. By taking historical records and comparing, perhaps better said…paralleling them to historical bible records of prophecy, we are able to identify proper names instead of the generic pronouns often used in chapter 11. This is a separate set of articles due to its length with added narratives mostly in red. The proper names of persons, places and things will be inserted in the following articles on Daniel. One of the major reasons Daniel 11 is written using pronoun descriptions instead of specific names, places, and things is its dual parallel prophecies with End Time events. Think on this factor then Daniel 11 will make more sense. We now “fill in the blanks” per the persons’, places and things of Daniel 11.

Fill in the blanks

Daniel 11 (JIV insertion of the historical names referenced in Daniel 11)

 1 And in the first year of Darius the Mede [the first king referred to after the fall of Babylon to the Medes & Persians] the angel Michael took my stand to support and protect him.) (NOTE: Ever wonder WHY he (Michael) took a stand to protect Darius the Mede???? Allow us to submit a suggestion.

The Lion’s Den event occurred under Darius. He only ruled for two years but was the doorway through which Daniel transferred his Babylonian loyalties as a ruler to the Mede-Persian government over the same territories. It was at this time the 70 year Babylonian captivity was coming to an end. Daniel needed to have an inside track in order to approach the King of Persia (Cyrus). Cyrus knew about Daniel through Darius.

The Kings of the South and the North

 2Now then, [the angel Michael is speaking] I tell you [Daniel] the truth: Three more kings will arise in Persia, and then a fourth, who will be far richer than all the others. [Cambyses, Smerdis, Darius the Great, Xerxes (aka: Ahasuerus)] When he [Xerxes/Ahasuerus; to whom Esther married] has gained power by his wealth, he will stir up everyone against the kingdom of Greece [Xerxes invaded Greece with land troops and a navy. Successful at first, he had to return to Babylon to put down a revolt there. He left behind a commander who lost the war with Macedonia-Greece but left great anger in the hearts of the Greeks]. 3 Then a mighty king [Alexander the Great of Macedonia-Greece [356-323 B.C.]; invades Persia in retaliation for what Xerxes [Ahasuerus] of Persia [519 B.C.—died 465, Persepolis, Iran, Persian king 486–465 B.C., the son and successor of Darius] had done to Greece many years prior; Artaxerxes the V was in power in Persia when Alexander conquered this empire killing it’s royalty] will arise, who will rule with great power and do as he pleases. 4 After he [Alexander] has arisen his empire will be broken up and parceled out toward the four winds of heaven. It will not go to his descendants, nor will it have the power he exercised, because his empire will be uprooted and given to others. [Alexander’s Greek Empire, the major portions of it, was ultimately divided between four of his major generals; Ptolemy in Egypt, General Seleucus Nicator- who began the Seleucid (Syrian) empire, Greek General Cassander took control of Greece proper but was challenged by General Antigonus, and General Lysimachus who took control of Thracia between Greece and Turkey. This is the territory the Apostle Paul evangelized 300+ years later; N.T.]

 5The king of the South [General Ptolemy I in Egypt] will become strong, but one of his former commanders [Seleucus Ist Nicator; several of Alexander’s generals were fighting for the same territory] will become even stronger than he and will rule his [Seleucus Ist Nicator – Syrian empire] own kingdom with great power (history tells us that Seleucus became strong and took some of the Middle East including Syria from Antigonus). 6After some years, they (Egypt and Syria) will become allies. The daughter [Berenice] of the king of the South [Ptolemy Philadelphius] will go to the king of the North [Antiochus II] to make an alliance, but she will not retain her power [two years after the marriage-alliance Ptolomy Philadelphius in Egypt dies], and he [Antiochus II] and his power[ will not last. In those days she [Berenice] will be betrayed, together with her royal escort and her father and the one who supported her. [Laodice, the first wife of Antiochus retaliated for him divorcing her and marrying Berenice by first murdering him then Berenice, her children by Antiochus and all attendants were put to the sword]

 7 “One from her [Berenice’s] family line [her brother Ptolemy Euregetes – Egypt] will rise to take her place. He [Ptolemy Euregetes] will attack the forces of the king [Seleucus II] of the North [to avenge his sister Berenice. He attacks Seleucus II Callinicus, King of Syria] and enter his fortress; he will fight against them and be victorious. 8 He [King Ptolemy Euregetes of Egypt, Berenice’s brother] will also seize their [Syrian] gods, their metal images, and their valuable articles of silver and gold and carry them off to Egypt [the Southern Kingdom]. For some years he will leave the king of the North [Syria] alone. 9 Then the king of the North [Seleucus II] will invade the realm of the king of the South [Egypt] but will retreat to his own country. 10 His sons [Seleucus III and Antiochus the Great of Syria; 223 B.C. will prepare for war and assemble a great army, which will sweep on like an irresistible flood and carry the battle as far as his [Ptolemy Euegetes of Egypt] fortress. [The Syrians have limited success regaining former territory lost earlier by Seleucus II of Syria but does recapture the area of ancient Israel from the Ptolemy lll of Egypt, Berenice’s brother]

 11Then the king of the South [Ptolemy Philopator; son of Ptlolemy lll] will march out in a rage and fight against the king of the North [Antiochus the Great] who will raise a large army, but it will be defeated. 12 When the army is carried off, the king of the South [Ptolemy IV Philopator] will be filled with pride and will slaughter many thousands, yet he will not remain triumphant. 13 For the king of the North [Antiochus the Great] will muster another army, larger than the first; and after several years, he will advance with a huge army fully equipped.

 14 “In those times many [An alliance of Syria, Philip of Macedonia/Greece, and many Jews] will rise against the king of the South [Egypt; i.e. Ptolemy IV Philopator]. Those who are violent among your own people [The Jewish Maccabean family and Zealot Jews of the defunct Kingdom of Judah] will rebel in fulfillment of the vision, but without success. 15 Then the king of the North [Antiochus III the Great] will come and build up siege ramps and will capture a fortified city [Jerusalem]. The forces of the South will be powerless to resist; even their best troops will not have the strength to stand. 16 The invader [Antiochus III the Great; Syria] will do as he pleases; no one will be able to stand against him. He will establish himself in the Beautiful Land [Israel of old; this is symbolic of the antichrist yet to come, prior to and including the 7 year Tribulation, to set himself up in the Temple of Jerusalem] and will have the power to destroy it [the “IT” being Jerusalem].


17 He [Antiochus the Great/symbolic anti-Christ] will determine to come with the might of his entire kingdom [Syrian/antichrist’s Empire] and will make an alliance with the king of the South. And he will give him [King of Egypt] a daughter [Cleopatra I, born in 204 BC]in marriage [alliances were often sealed by marriage between enemies so their offspring might rule both kingdoms] in order to overthrow the kingdom [Egypt], but his plans[c] will not succeed or help him [Cleopatra I ends up taking the side of her husband in Egypt; kingdom of the south]. 18 Then he will turn his attention to the coastlands and will take many of them [Israelis], but a commander [Scipio Asiaticus, a Roman general] will put an end to his insolence and will turn his insolence back on him. 19 After this, he will turn back toward the fortresses of his own country but will stumble and fall [died], to be seen no more. [The Cleopatra of Egyptian and TV movie fame came from this same family line born in 69 B.C. eventually married Julius Caesar, had a love affair with Mark Anthony; one son with Julius Caesar; three sons with Mark Anthony]

At this point the angel of the Lord, talking to Daniel, begins to focuses on Syria; King (of the north) Seleucid Philopator and his son Antiochus IV Epiphanes. It is at this point in scripture we begin to see the future diverging histories of what is now history and the End Time anti-Christ symbolisms]

 20 “His [Antiochus the Great] successor [Seleucid Philopator; his eldest son of Antiochus] will send out a tax collector [to tax the peoples in the lands of Israel robbing the Temple treasury] to maintain the [his personal] royal splendor. In a few years, however, he will be destroyed, yet not in anger or in battle. [He was poisoned; some believe, by his younger brother], Mithradates was soon to be named Antiochus the IV Ephiphanes, [who assumed the throne upon Seleucid Philopator’s untimely death by poison]

We pick it up at this point in our next article on Daniel 11.

Article #32 – Chapter Outline in Daniel

ARTICLE #32 – OUTLINE of each Chapter in Daniel
NOTE: The chapters of Daniel are not sequential as recorded

I. Daniel’s Dedication, 1:1-21
A. Daniel’s Circumstances, 1:1-7
B. Daniel’s Dedication, 1:8-16
C. Daniel’s Rise to Favor, 1:17-21

II. Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream: The Great Image, 2:1-49

A. The Dream received by Nebuchadnezzar, 2:1-6
B. The Dream revealed to Daniel, 2:7-23
C. The Dream recited then interpreted to Nebuchadnezzar, 2:24-45
D. The Promotion of Daniel in the Babylonian Empire, 2:46-49

III. The Fiery Furnace: A Lesson in Faith, 3:1-30

A. The Test of Faith, 3:1-12
B. The Demonstration of Faith, 3:13-18
C. The Vindication of Faith, 3:19-30

IV. Nebuchadnezzar’s Vision of the High Tree, 4:1-37 (chopped down but the stump remained).

A. The Vision Narrated by Nebuchadnezzar himself in the first-person, 4:1- 18
B. The Vision Interpreted by Daniel, 4:19-27
C. The Vision Fulfilled by God, 4:28-37

V. Belshazzar’s Feast, 5:1-31

A. Belshazzar’s Contribution to the Feast: Unrestrained Sensuality, 5:1-4
B. God’s Contribution to the Feast: Handwriting on the Wall, 5:5-6
C. Daniel’s Contribution to the Feast: Announcement of Doom, 5:7-29
D. Darius’s Contribution to the Feast: Destruction of Babylon, 5:30-31

VI. Daniel in the Lions’ Den, 6:1-28

A. The Position of Daniel, 6:1-3
B. The Plot Against Daniel, 6:4-9
C. The Prayer of Daniel, 6:10-11 [This is more like a prayer we should recite or follow as an example of prayer in church. The Lord’s Prayer was preceded by the command to do that prayer in a closed closet of private communion with God the Father]
D. The Prosecution of Daniel, 6:12-17
E. The Protection of Daniel, 6:18-28

VII. Daniel’s Vision of the Four Beasts, ten horns, little horn and the Ancient of Days, 7:1-28

A. Historical Data, 7:1-3
B. The Vision and the Interpretation, 7:4-15
C. The interpretation 7:16-28

VIII. Daniel’s Vision of the Ram, Goat, and Little Horn, 8:1-27

A. The Vision, 8:1-14
B. The Interpretation, 8:15-27

The Ram

1. The ram, 8:15-20
2. The goat, 8:21-22
3. The little horn, 8:23-25
4. The effect on Daniel, 8:26-27

IX. Daniel’s Prophecy of Seventy Weeks of 7 Years each week, 9:1-27; i.e. the seventy 7’s prophecies. We translate the 70-7’s as 70 weeks but this is incorrect Hebrew. Not weeks but seven years per each of the 70 years: 7 weeks; 62 weeks; 1 week (End Time anti-Christ).

A. Historical Data, 9:1-2
B. Daniel’s Prayer, 9:3-19
C. The Prophecy, 9:20-27

X. Daniel’s Prophetic Landscape, 10:1-12:13

A. Daniel’s Vision, 10:1-9
B. Daniel’s Strengthening, 10:10-11:1
C. Prophecies Concerning the Nations, 11:2-45

1. Persia, 11:2
2. Greece, 11:3-4
3. Egypt and Syria, 11:5-20
4. Antiochus Epiphanes, 11:21-35 (nicknamed Epiphmanes: the insane’by many of his vindictive but so-called friends and administrators)
5. Antiochus’s actions parallel those of the End Time Antichrist, 11:36-45

D. Prophecies Concerning Israel; Daniel 12:1-13

JIV Note: per my comments in bible classes or from the pulpit, God’s covenants with Israel and the covenants for the New Testament church can follow parallel lines but are not always in-common. Quick example: Israel is promised the “Promised Land;” physical property in the Middle East during the Millennial Reign. The church is promised a rapture and Heavenly Promised Land.

Ephesians 6:12, 13 For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this age, against spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places. Therefore, take up the whole armor of God that you may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to [take a] stand.” (Emphasis mine)

Take a Stand

Self-Discussion: The Book of Daniel discusses the battles between angels, angelic forces and the necessity to be prepared for such deception and attacks of the prince of darkness. This Old Testament book gives us a better understanding of why Paul tells us in Ephesians 6 to put on the full armor of God; not to fight fellow mankind believers, but to resist the devil and his fallen legions in spiritual warfare [See Daniel 10 for examples].

This discussion between the angel Michael and Daniel in chapter 11 actually begins in Daniel 10:14 where he tells Daniel… “Now I have come to make you understand what will happen to your people(Israelites) in the latter days, for the vision refers to many days yet to come. Daniel and the angel Michael are talking about Israel and the chosen people; not the church. What more could have happened to God’s chosen people since the split in the nation of Israel into two separate kingdoms; i.e. the total dispersion of the Northern 10 tribe Kingdom of Israel by the Assyrians into the hinterlands of the world and in Daniel’s time the Southern Kingdom of Judah to Babylon? These are latter day events yet to be fulfilled.

Only a very few of these Judeans (Jews) returned to Judah/Jerusalem with Zerubbabel, Ezra, and finally Nehemiah. The New Testament “Jews” are the descendants of those who returned from Babylon, not from the Assyrian diaspora or dispersion of the tribes from the Northern Kingdom.

Article 31- The Historical Background

Not just great stories—Bible history is part of what we refer to as secular history



As is my teaching style, it helps when one can put an event or series of events into perspective or within other historical events of secular history. Remember that the bible does not need to prove itself according to history. History needs to be placed against what the bible states. There is no revision of secular versus scriptural history but there are many who wish to revise scripture to make God what s/he wants instead of us as individuals being what God wanted upon our creation.

  1. King Pekah of Israel [700’s B.C.] along with his ally King Rezin of Aram, threatened Judah and its main city of Jerusalem. Ahaz, the king of Judah, called upon King Pul [Tiglath-Pileser III] of Assyria to intervene. He did intervene therefore defeating Israel (the Northern Kingdom) then executed King Rezin of Aram (Damascus).
    1. Assyria was a Semitic nation, but not Israeli, from the 24th century BC to 608 BC.
    1. Assyrians were offspring of Shem’s (Noah’s ark) eldest son *Elam: Genesis 10:22, Ezra 4:9. *Elam itself was once an empire called the Elamites now part of Iran. The person Elam was a son of Shem making him a grandson of Noah.
  2. At this time, Damascus was not the capital of Syria. It was a large city-state in its own rights.
  3. Assyrians attacked the Kingdom of Israel (ten northern tribes) first dispersing the East of Jordan tribes of Gad, Reuben, and the half tribe of Manasseh in 732 B.C. [2 Kings 16:9].
  4. 720 BC: Assyria invades the remaining tribes of the northern kingdom of Israel including a few cities within the borders of the Kingdom of Judah. All captives are exiled to unsettled lands to the north, east, and west specifically mentioned, it includes the cities of the Medes.

JIV NOTE: This plays significantly into the Babylonian captivity of the southern Kingdom of Judah 120 years later, the 70 year Babylonian captivity, and to connect the dots……the invasion of Babylon by the MEDES and Persians and eventually Queen Esther of the Book of Esther.

  • Daniel of Babylonian fame was a contemporary of Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Shadrach, Meshach, Abednego, Ezra, Nehemiah, and Zerubbabel. These men were exiled from the southern Kingdom of Judah or were born during Babylonian captivity. Interestingly, they all were in the service of the government of Babylon; Daniel also served within the Mede-Persian government of Babylon.
  • Daniel lived during the time of Nebuchadnezzar and Belshazzar, father and grandson, who were kings of Babylon, and the Mede-Persian ruler Cyrus (Darius?).
  • He lived in Babylon during the entire 70 year captivity and several years beyond.
  • Daniel never left Babylon after being exiled from Judah. He continued to serve in the service of the Persian conquerors of Babylon.
  • Sequence of nations:
    • The nation Israel of Saul, David and Solomon co-existed with Assyria
    • Israel divided into two separate kingdoms: the Kingdom of Israel to the north with ten tribes and the Kingdom of Judah to the south with 2 tribes plus many stragglers from the northern kingdom who were faithful to Judaism and Jerusalem.
    • Ten tribes to the north are dispersed in the 700 B.C. over a period of 20 plus years; first by Tiglath-Pileser III [sometimes called King Pul], then Shalmaneser V, finally by Sargon II; all were kings of Assyria. Time period around 740 B.C.E. to around 720 [?] BC.
    • Kingdom of Judah continued to exist for another 120 years; until about 606 BC.
    • Babylon rebels against and overthrows Assyria; 637 BC to around 612 BC. The overthrow of the Kingdom of Judah followed.
    • Nebuchadnezzar (606 BC) of Babylon invades the Kingdom of Judah and begins a series of dispersions bringing Judean Jews [including Daniel] to Babylon. [Daniel 1:1-4]
      • 605 BC.; 597 B.C.; 586 BC. [the three reasonably close dates of Judean dispersion and exile to Babylon]
  • Daniel becomes an advisor and dream interpreter for Nebuchadnezzar  [Daniel 2:1-49]
  • Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego face the fiery furnace [Daniel 3:1-30]
  • Nebuchadnezzar goes insane and eats grass with the wild animals of his kingdom [Daniel 4:1-37] His wings are plucked and he is made to stand up like all other men (Daniel 7:4)
  • Daniel interprets the finger of God writing on the wall to *Belshazzar

[Daniel 5:1-31]

  1. *Belshazzar is the grandson of Nebuchadnezzar; overthrown by Medo-Persians (Cyrus of overall all Persia; Darius the Mede was temporarily king of the conquered Babylon). Belshazzar was not the sole king of Babylon during this overthrow. His father made him co-regent of Babylon itself.
    1. King Cyrus, the first Persian king over the Mede-Persian conquered empire of Babylon, signs a decree releasing all Israeli captives within this conquered empire; [538 B.C. – Ezra 1:2-4; 6:2-5] Darius the Mede ruled first but for less than two years. Daniel tells us that this Darius was already 62 years old at the time of the overthrow. He was not King of Persia but a satrap king of Babylon proper.
  2. Daniel and the Lions’ den historical event occurred under the Mede-Persian ruler Darius [Daniel 6:1-28], not Nebuchadnezzar.
  3. The prophetic future according to the dreams of Daniel
    1. The 4 beasts [Daniel 7:1-28]
    1. Daniels dream of the goat and the ram [Daniel 8:1-28]
    1. Daniels 70 week or years dream [Daniel 9:1-27]
    1. Daniel views the end of times (Recall a previous study article: Are We There Yet?) [Daniel 10:1 – 12:13]