Nahum 1b

Nahum 1:9-15

NOTE: All bible references are from the NKJV unless otherwise stated.

NOTE #2: Given the limited amount of information that we know about Nahum, the best we can do is narrow the time frame in which the Book of Nahum was written to between 663 and 612 B.C. Two events are mentioned that help us to determine these dates. First, Nahum mentions Thebes (No Amon) in Egypt falling to the Assyrians (663 B.C.) in the past tense. This means it had already happened. Second, the lion’s share of Nahum’s prophecies came true in 612 B.C. so they were prior to 612 B.C.

In a possible scenario, Nahum 1:9 is a reminder of the repentance of Nineveh including the king, back in the Book of Jonah some 80 or 90 years earlier.

(v9) What do you conspire against the LORD? He will make an utter end of it. Affliction will not rise up a second time. Assyria’s capital city [Nineveh] is to whom Nahum is addressing. This is the same place Jonah prophesied. There are differences of commentary and Bible scholarly opinions as to what and to whom affliction the second time means in verse 9. Consider that only 80 to 90 years earlier, Jonah brought a strong warning of Nineveh’s pending destruction unless they repent. They did repent to Jonah’s dismay. This warning is not to be Nineveh’s second chance. They had their warning through Jonah. There will not be, according to Nahum, given another warning. Pending is now their utter destruction. This indicates that a warning from God may have a long or short lifetime. However, one must consider God’s warnings have an eternal timeline.

We have no way of documenting this thought, but perhaps the reason Nineveh was so open to repentance at the time of Jonah was they had some “affliction” meaning God’s first warning.

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*The utter end of its place (Nineveh) was also literally fulfilled. “Not only were these people lost from history, even the city was lost until it was discovered by archaeologists, beginning in the 1840’s.” (Boice)

JIV NOTE: Some will wish to argue that Ashur was the capital of Assyria. S/he would be right, until the reign of Assyrian king Sennacherib. He transformed Nineveh and moved the political seat in Ashur to what was already their religious center…Nineveh.

Nahum 1:10 Verse 9-11 should be read in conjunction. They address Nineveh being destroyed and Judah being delivered. Verse 10a may be a prophecy of the Assyrian leadership near their end. The following explains the *“entanglement as in thorns mentioned in verse 10.

“Many cities have risen and fallen throughout the course of world history, but few have had such a dramatic history as the ancient Assyrian city of Nineveh. At its height, Nineveh was arguably the most cultured and sophisticated city in the ancient Near East, but a combination of factors led to its quick demise. *Dynastic quarrels within the Assyrian royal house precipitated the city’s decline, allowing Assyria’s many enemies to ally and eventually siege and sack the once great capital city of Nineveh.” This tactic was to divide then conquer.

Nahum 1:11 may be a prophetic vision of the future antichrist. The NKJV states: From you comes forth one Who plots evil against the LORD, A wicked counselor. This is easily read right over without consideration. Many commentaries do not even address its possible implications. Who is the “ONE?” Who is that “wicked counselor”? This verse is specific. It says, “THE ONE. The wicked counselor” It is in the singular. Who fits this role to the proverbial “T”? It must be one of Satan’s trinity: Satan (the Dragon), antichrist (beast #1), and false prophet (beast #2). This is Satan’s imitation of God’s three-in-one person…Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.

Nahum 1:12 is another challenging verse to understand. It is assumed to be specific to Nineveh, Assyria. One of the concerns with this is the use of the terms “you, they, his.” Does Nahum switch his prophetic focus back and forth between Israel and Nineveh? If Assyria is considered symbolic of the word at-large during end time or the Millennial, the “you”, “they”, and “his” could reference both or each individually. Nahum 1:11-12 are specific to Israel. For God will afflict them no more and their yoke will be removed. In verse 14 it is Israel’s oppressors who are the focus. To dig their grave [v14] means their end. Nineveh lost their legacy to Babylon shortly after the time of Nahum.

JIV NOTE: There is another legacy not mentioned but can be deduced. The legacy of Israel being identified as a target of others in the world. This is easily observed today. When Christ returns no longer will they be the fish in the barrel that others can take potshots at without missing or Israelis (the fish) escaping. Roles will, in a sense, be reversed. Israel will be held in very high esteem. [cf. Micah 4:2]

Nahum 1:13 “…For now I will break off his yoke from you, And burst your bonds apart.” For now can be read as “on that day…” The bonds of Israelis will be gone. The bonds of the world and the bonds of God’s judgements on them will be burst. They will be no longer be in bondage to the world around them. God will have made a new covenant with them. [cf. Jeremiah 31:31-34]

Nahum 1:14 is a reference to Nineveh and prophetically to the world “in that Day” [end time]. The LORD has given a command concerning you: “Your name shall be perpetuated no longer. Out of the house of your gods I will cut off the carved image and the molded image. I will dig your grave, For you are vile.” The carved images and molded images represent all that the world has carved out for their lives, livelihood, institutions, and cultures without God. To dig their graves is symbolic of their destined end in eternity, not heaven but hell’s lake of fire. To symbolically be identified as “in one’s grave” means s/he no longer has control over anything. Each will live out his or her eternal consequence. No longer will there be Free Will. All will then be as determined before the world was created [Ephesians 1:4].

JIV NOTE: This does not mean some are predetermined to be chosen and some chosen to be condemned. It means the end time paths of life and eternity are predetermined.

Nahum 1:15 A point often overlooked in verse 15 is the use of the name Judah instead of Israel. Note the “church” of believers is also not mentioned. This time and passage is about Israelis. The global church of believers has already been removed; raptured. “…the feet of him [who is standing] on the mountains” fits well with the return of Jesus Christ as Messiah [see closing paragraph].

Nahum is stating that since the Northern Kingdom of Israel was dispersed by the Assyrians in 722 B.C., only Judah then remains. They too have a limited amount of time left before the Babylonians invade, conquer, then take the Judean population into captivity. It will also be the end of an independent people-nation or kingdom. When the few who return to Judah after being released from captivity in Babylon 70-years later, all remained subject to the Persians, never again a self-determined people until April, 1948.

“And in that day His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, Which faces Jerusalem on the east. And the Mount of Olives shall be split in two, From east to west, Making a very large valley; Half of the mountain shall move toward the north And half of it toward the south.” [Zechariah 14:4].

Rev. Dr. Jstark

Nahum 1

Nahum 1:1-8

“…and the clouds are the dust of his feet.” What a powerful idiom describing the majesty and magnificence of God. This is in Nahum 1:3.

JIV NOTE: We are in a series of Minor Prophet narrative commentaries. Following is a list with approximate dates of their prophetic B.C. years. This can be subject to debate but is a good approximation based upon how each one relates their existence to a king or leadership of either, or both, of the kingdoms of the divided Israel. Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel are the Major Prophets but only due to the size of their books.

Jonah (798 B.C.) 
Amos (796 B.C.)
Hosea (796 to 719 B.C.)
Micah (740 to 711 B.C.)
Nahum (711 B.C.)
Habakkuk (626? B.C.)
Zephaniah (626? B.C.)
Joel (596 to 586 B.C.)
Obadiah (590 B.C.)
Haggai (520 B.C.)
Zechariah (520 to 518 B.C.)
Malachi (400 B.C.?)

One may ask, why is Daniel neither a major nor minor prophet? Especially good question when considering chapter 11 of his book. The best deduction is because he wrote from Babylonian captivity. The major prophets wrote to Israelis who were not under captivity. Harassed by enemies, YES, but not removed from their homelands. The minor prophets prophesied while a only a Judean governor was on the throne of Judah.

Nahum 1-8:

Nahum 1:1 Jonah had a sincere and serious problem with the enemies of Israel called the Assyrians. God sent a reluctant Jonah to their capital city Nineveh to warn of God’s pending judgment. They repented and were spared much to the dismay of Jonah. As far as scriptures tell us, little more is shared their repentance.

Enter Nahum. He now deals with Nineveh some 87 to 90 years after Jonah (reference the above list of minor prophets). The word “burden” in most major translations of verse Nahum 1:1 means “utterance or doom.” We do know that Nahum had a vision or a dream, not a visitation by an angel of God. Scripture says so in verse #1…The book of the vision of Nahum…”.

Nahum 1:2 Can God express anger? Verse 2 and 3 say he can and has. Recall that Jonah had delivered a revival message to Nineveh but now these people had slipped back into their old evil ways. There is debate about whether the Assyrians descended from the lineage of Shem or Ham. According to Genesis 10:11 when tracing the lineage of the families of Noah, one can conclude the Assyrians were descendants of Shem even though Nimrod (descendant of Ham and secular history) built the original Nineveh.

The KJV Bible states that Asshur went out of the land of Shinar (Babylon) and built Nineveh, Rehoboh, Calah, and Resen. According to Genesis 10:21-22 Asshur descended from Shem.

AHA MOMENT: This same passage in Genesis tells us that Elam, a son of Shem, established what we know today as the original Persians. They admit they are not Arabs but still hate Israel. This hate is from a contrast to Judaism called Islam.

We should comment on the word “jealous” in verse 2. God is not jealous of us but (z)jealous for us. To not willingly put our own self on the side of God/Jesus, is to forfeit his protection and eternity with him. Satan roams the world [1 Peter 5:8] seeking who he can destroy.  God is jealous for us.

We Teach – You Decide

Nahum 1:3 is often quoted…in part, but few can sight their quote per book and verse from where it comes. “Jehovah God is slow to anger.” It is Nahum 1:3. When one reads the entire verse, we also read that God will NOT ACQUIT (hold blameless) those who do not *trust in him.

*God’s measure in judgement is one’s trust in Him, not a belief he is God. Satan even believes that.

This verse includes our opening sentence. “…and the clouds are the dust of his feet.” Some clouds are beautiful, some are heavy storms. In Nahum one can conclude the clouds, or dust of God’s feet are storm clouds. Nahum 1:3b states this as fact. Storm clouds by then have gathered over Nineveh. Jonah’s earthly, but wrong wish of destruction upon them is now on the way. In absolute commentary, God is saying of those who do not trust in him, s/he will be trampled as is the dust of the earth under his feet.

Nahum 1:4 has an interesting set of parameters. It includes the area of Bashan. Remember that the Tribe of Dan settled this area after leaving the lands assigned to them by the casting of Lots during the leadership of Joshua. Deuteronomy 33:22 tells us they will “leap from Bashan.” Why Nahum included this identity of Bashan in verse 4 is difficult to understand. We have several other narrative commentaries on this website that explain Dan’s migrations to the territories of Scandinavia after leaping out of Bashan.

Nahum 1:4 He (God) rebukes the sea and makes it dry, And dries up all the rivers. Bashan and Carmel wither, And the flower of Lebanon wilts.

Nahum 1:5 continues this analogy of the power of God. In short, all creations including the angels who fell when Satan (Lucifer) himself rebelled against God. …the earth quakes, the mountains and hills melt, the earth heaves at his presence and command (paraphrased).” And all who are in it!” This should remind one of Jeremiah 51:25 and 51:56b.

Nahum 1:6 and 7 seem to be an oxymoron. Verse 6 says who can stand against God’s anger yet verse 7a states that the Lord (God) is good so who would stand against him?

One can ask, what is the source of or for his fierce anger versus his goodness in back-to-back verses? The answer is of a single purpose, one and the same reason. It is all in what a person puts his or her trust. Is it God or self? God is not a religion! Example: Canaanites came from the same Noah family as did Israeli. Their forefathers knew about the flood, Noah, and God’s justified anger with human sin thus the flood. Yet, they developed and adhered to a god (religion) outside of God. After *1656 years of pre-flood patience, God dealt with them. NOW Micah includes both the Northern Kingdom of Israel and the Southern Kingdom of Judah (all Israelis) in his prophesies.

*Adam to Noah

1:7 does not say God knows who he can trust but “he knows who trusts in him (and him alone).” This is his goodness and his anger. Trust is an example of using one’s free-will.

Nahum 1:8 The word “flood” in verse 8 sends some Bible studies into a tailspin. Strong’s H7858 and H7857 is shay’-tef for a local flood. In Noah’s flood (Genesis 6-9) the word flood is mabbûl. This is a great deluge. In verse 8 of Nahum 1 the word flood means an outrageous outpouring or overflowing (YLT) passing over of judgement. Note: There was a major shay’-tef flood but not global flood in Nineveh in 612 B.C.

AHAMOMENT: This is not part of the Book of Nahum but is related to it. Many articles from supposedly science-based research and time stamping include huge numbers for the existence of the world. It is in the hundreds of millions. We will not contend with that, but we have recent proof of the global Genesis flood. You decide, but young and mostly intact dinosaurs that were recently discovered in two distant areas of Siberia both choked to death on mud. [Life Science Magazine published this in 2021].

AHAMOMENT #2 In 2011: Alberta, Canada. Rather than explain its relationship to the Noah Flood, let me cut and paste their own words. Some 110 million years ago, this (particular) armored plant-eater [dinosaur] lumbered through what is now western Canada, until a flooded river swept it into open sea. The dinosaur’s undersea burial preserved its armor in exquisite detail. (Emphasis mine)

Note two things:

  1. Secular science wants to date this dinosaur at 110 million years old.
  2. Secular science wants to make us believe it drowned by a local river flooding.

Note a third thing: This huge creature was unearthed from dry land, not in the depths of the sea or ocean. It was also buried deep in sand [mud?] on dry land. Please note how easy it is to misguide people by how scientific assumptions are made. Was this dinosaur swept into a sea that no longer exists during a river flood? Perhaps the answer is much simpler. Yes, this creature drowned in the depths of deep waters. When the waters subsided, it was left buried on dry land. Noah’s flood? With great caution so as to not be dubbed into false thinking, check the Internet at

It is even more profound to read in this National Geographic web article that somehow science has determined by looking at skeletal remains this dinosaur discovered in March 2011 even had a bad attitude. To reference and substantiate other articles written for ahabiblemoments, these scientists admit that during the time of this creature’s life, Canada had a south Florida climate. At this time, the world was probably squared up to the sun’s rays. The sheer weight of the Noah-tic Flood waters and its water run off tilted the earth to its wobbling or rotating 30 which gives us our current 4 seasons. This constant globally mild weather of Adam to Noah’s time is great. What God originally created was perfect. This supports the fact that other so-called scientific discoveries of tropical plant life frozen deep in arctic ice came from a “South Florida” climate in the far north. Secular science has no incentive or desire to allow much discussion of this fact.They wish only to tell us what to think instead of how to think.

We stated in a previous commentary article concerning the Great Deluge of Noah, that the world up to Noah’s flood was not tilted at a 3o but had equal global sunshine. This National Geographic article fails to understand their claims actually support the Bible context of the flood.

We will pick up on this narrative commentary next week; Nahum 1:9 to the end of chapter 1.

Rev. Dr. Jstark

Micah 7

Micah 7:1-10 [cntrl/click on Micah to read this portion of scripture]

Turn in your Bible or online to Micah 7. Follow along as we narrate verse-by-verse commentary.

Micah 7:13 Yet the land shall be desolate Because of those who dwell in it, And for the fruit of their deeds.


It isn’t often a good practice to begin in the middle of a narration then retreat to the first verse, but…(here we go)

The land shall be desolate because of those who live in it. One needs to understand what happened over the time between Canaan being a land of milk and honey to a desolate land? This statement appears about 20 times in the Old Testament. Today we see the same land as sandy, dry, almost without grazing lands. Which is reality and which is actuality?

Canaanites descended from Ham, one of three sons of Noah. God gave each of them an opportunity to be blessed of him when Ham, Shem, Japheth, and Noah exited the Ark. Exodus 3:8 names the descendants of Ham who were living in the land of promise and plenty. God blessed Ham’s descendants with a land of plenty. BUT…they evolved into an evil people rejecting God. Their punishment from God came through the Israelis. Joshua and the twelve tribes conquered much of the land and moved in. After hundreds of years, Israelis, all who descended from Shem (one of the three sons of Noah) fell into the same rejection of God. Their worship was ritualistic. The Assyrians, Babylonians, and Romans were Gods’ instruments to remove them from what was once the land of milk and honey; just as God used Israel to eject the wicked Canaanites from such a bountiful land God used others.

Micah 7:13 states that the land became desolate because of who dwelt in it, not global warming or some influence of mankind on the lands or atmosphere. It was man’s rejection of god who created all things. The question is who is the “who” that dwelt in it? It was all who have lived in the Promised Land that made it desolate. Desolate because it was a land of promise that had gone unattended for hundreds of years. God withdrew his blessing on the fruitfulness of the land, but it will be returned to its milk-and-honey state when Jesus sits on the millennial throne in Jerusalem. (Amos 9:11-15) Now we return from verse 13 to our beginning point in Micah 7:1.

Micah 7:1 We will take a different tact in explaining the woe of verse #1. Go back to when Israeli’s left Egypt, considered entering the Promised Land, but retreated to their 40 years of wanderings in the wilderness. Direct one’s attention to Leviticus 23:9-14. This is the Feast of the First Fruits given to Moses by God…a perpetual statute throughout the generations in all your dwelling places.” Micah sees that this is no longer a matter of concern for his fellow Israelis. In Micah 7:1 he addresses his plea for what is no longer a satisfaction or appreciation for what God has done for all of Israel.

Micah 7:2 he continues. Israel is no longer a united chosen people of God. They have segmented into those who have and those who have not, taking from each other by in today’s verbiage crook, hook, deception, and thievery. Micah calls it “by blood.” The “NET” referred to in verse two means trappings. Today we would call it the fine print in a document.

Photo by Pixabay on Fine Print

Micah 7:3 has an interesting twist to our way of understanding. This verse references the value of two hands instead of using only one hand. They, Israeli leaders, do evil with both hands. The Hebrew, להישׂיב, means to make good with both hands in one’s evil deeds. The NKJV says it well: They scheme together meaning those who are the haves against those (including family members) who have even less. This speaks volumes per what the Kingdom of Israel was like in their last and final days as a kingdom.

JIV NOTE: Micah prophesied prior to the Assyrians destroying the Northern Kingdom of Israel and was still living long after their dispersion. He prophesied and saw it fulfilled.

Micah 7:4 God identifies through Micah that even the best of these evil doers was like a brier, perhaps like those of a rose bush; a thorn. The sharpest of these evil thorns (leaders) is even worse. The prince, the judge, and the great man, agree in their ill designs of gain.

The perplexity, the last word in verse 4, means the time is coming when even the evil doers will be at a total loss as to what to do. They will be painted into a corner with no “DEALS” left to get them out. They will be treated just as they have treated their subjects; stripped of all authority and influence. In just a few years from this time in Micah the Assyrian invaders will strip them of clothing, shoes, belongings, and shelter while marching them hundreds of miles across desert lands to relocate them in foreign lands. (read the articles on Which Way Did They Go.”) JIV INSIGHT: Many of these Tribes from Northern Israel settled in the mountains of what we know today as Afghanistan.

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Micah 7:5 is a brazen warning. In short it means guard one’s words for they will fly to the ears of others in wild and fast gossip. This is something like the social media of today. Even a well intending good deed or word will not go unpunished by some. Sadly, Micah could not find any good deeds being done by his own people. Both hands were busy laying hold of the possessions of others. The next verse is without question…

Micah 7:6 is clear. Let us understand the first word in verse 6…”For.” It is so often overlooked or put in a back closet of only part of a statement or sentence. The Hebrew is kee’. It means an assurance what follows in this verse will actually happen. One could translate this word to be forasmuch, inasmuch, or whereas. Thus, it means even in a casual relationship of all kinds, people will turn against one another. In short, the enemies of a man (person) can and will include those in or of his or her own household. Micah 7:7 explains Micah’s position on all that he has prophesied in the previous 6 chapters of his book. “Therefore I will look to the LORD; I will wait for the God of my salvation; My God will hear me.” In essence he is saying to his fellow kindred, you are welcome to join me but that is your choice to make. It is not mine to make for you. He continues his self-perspective in verse #8.

Micah 7:8 Do not rejoice over me, my enemy; When I fall, I will arise; When I sit in darkness, The LORD will be a light to me. Joshua stated this back in Joshua 24:15…as for me and my household, we (I) will serve the Lord. Joshua was facing the odds against going as a united twelve tribes of Jacob into the Promised Lands after Moses first led them out of Egypt. He was one of twelve spies Moses sent into the land of plenty. All of the spies proved the land to be a land of bounty but ten of the twelve feared the people living in Canaan. Joshua (and Caleb) wanted to move in with God as their true leader. Micah is basically stating the same thing in verse 8.

Micah 7:9 Micah is saying, I leave you in the hands of God. I, as will you, be judged for my sins. There is no escape. I confess my sins as also should you…but you won’t.

“…Until He pleads my case and executes justice for me.” Micah could be looking prophetically toward the New Testament which, at his time, was yet to happen. Christ will judge and plead forgiveness of our sins when God finally executes judgment (see verse 19). The time is coming when all will see the light but not all will be a part of that light.

Micah 7:10 is like one saying to another, show me your God; show me your evidence. This person is the one identified in the previous verse as seeing the light but not being a part of it.

Rev. Dr. Jstark