The King Who Exalts Himself This ends Daniel’s parallel prophecy of the time of Antiochus Epiphanes and a preview of antichrist as it regards Israel.

From Dan 11:36 on, there is quite a diversity of opinions…
   a. Some believe Antiochus Epiphanes (IV) is still the subject of Daniel’s prophecy
   b. Others suggest that a Roman emperor is being described
   c. Still others believe it also refers to someone yet to come [Antichrist? Very probable.]

JIV: This is part of the watershed prophecy of the short-term ruler (Antiochus Epiphanes) and a parallel End Time (antichrist); the parallel end time (watershed) prophecy begins at verse 11:21, not verse 36 as some try to date it. Insiders’ comment: Note how closely the name Antiochus and Antichrist are pronounced

If this (c) is correct, the kings referred to from this point on are symbolic and refer to leaders we do not yet know, are in power today, in 2023, or very soon will be. It also means from this point forward in Daniel, the territories mentioned are symbolic whereas the territories and rulers in 11:1-35 are actuality and now history, but, prophetic to Daniel’s pen and parchment paper as it was written BEFORE any of it played out for history.

Daniel continued to chapter 11 conclusions

36 “The king (including the anti-Christ of the future?) will do as he pleases. He will exalt and magnify himself above every god and will say unheard-of things against the God of gods. He will be successful until the time of wrath is completed, for what has been determined must take place. 37 He will show no regard for the gods of his fathers or the one desired by women, nor will he regard any god, but will exalt himself above them all. 38 Instead of them, he will honor a god of fortresses; a god unknown to his ancestors he will honor with gold and silver, with precious stones and costly gifts. 39 He [including the antichrist of the end time?] will attack the mightiest fortresses with the help of a foreign god [Satan?] and will greatly honor those who acknowledge him. *He will make them rulers over many people and will distribute the land at a price.

#5 of 5 *There are so many parallels between this time in history (Daniel’s prophetic vision including End Time) it would take a separate article to draw the parallels.

 40 “At the time of the end the king of the South will engage him in battle, and the king of the North will storm out against him with chariots and cavalry and a great fleet of ships. He will invade many countries and sweep through them like a flood. 41 He will also invade the Beautiful Land [Israel]. Many countries will fall, but [the territories of…] Edom, Moab, and the leaders of Ammon will be delivered from his [antichrist’s] hand [Land of southern Jordan today, 2023]. 42 He will extend his power over many countries; Egypt will not escape. 43 He will gain control of the treasures of gold and silver and all the riches of Egypt, with the Libyans and Cushites [Nubians/Ethiopians] in submission. 44 But reports from the east and the north will alarm him, and he will set out in a great rage to destroy and annihilate many. 45 He will pitch his royal tents between the seas at the beautiful holy mountain. Yet he [Satan included at the end of the Tribulation?] will come to his end, and no one will help him.

This is where Daniel swings into full end-time future parallel prophecy; a prophecy yet to be completed in 2023 or beyond, beginning around verse 36. Some suggest beginning in Daniel 11:22 through the end of the chapter. The historical accuracy of verses 11:1-36 makes many historians and mediocre bible followers want to suggest that this portion of Daniel was written AFTER the fact. If true, Daniel 11:1-36 was inserted in the text of the Book of Daniel hundreds of years after this history/prophecy was complete. Daniel was deceased. In turn, to suggest this means the prophecy was not futuristic, but history after-the-fact denying the inspiration of scripture and prophecy.

The underlying doubt of such a rather naïve suggestion is that verses 36 to the end of this chapter are part of history but cannot be connected to any historical events. This is before-the-fact. Such scripture revisionists are not real bible believers and don’t want to admit that Daniel’s prophecies came from his own hand as inspired by God; totally prophetic. They want the bible to be good, but not THAT GOOD. End Time prophecy already coming true includes those who play church but are singing from the wrong songbook. They sing from the hymnal or words on a screen without considering the words being sung.

Thank you for taking the time to read this for yourself. It took many weeks of research to find the correct secular and historical names with events to fit the passages between verses 1 and 36/37. If there is an error, it is unintentional. We might suggest that this translation is about as close to actuality as we will get. That is until God sends his Son to rapture the Church that Jesus already redeemed. We suspect we won’t care at that time. Praise God and pray for His quick return.

Rev. Dr. Jstark
originally written 2-25-2012/11-11-2013
revised 2023

NOTE: we are now on the cusp of parallel prophecies in Daniel. One time within a few hundred years of Daniel himself, and one time during FINAL TIMES. This includes prophecy already accomplished, as of 2023, AND End Time Tribulation prophecy that is exampled by that which historically is already fulfilled. What we read in verses 11 through 14 also reflects End Time. Daniel’s picture-perfect prophecies become full parallels to the Tribulation and the antichrist’s efforts to totally destroy God’s chosen people of Israel in Daniel 11:36-45. The reader and serious Bible student may wish to save this series in paper form. Not because has done such a good job but because it is so accurate and was told by the angel to SEAL UP the information keeping it to himself. Why? Because it is so detailed and not ready for total revelation until and during Jacob’s Trouble…the final 3 ½ years of the Tribulation.

Daniel 11:11-33 (Names given to the pronouns used by Daniel; 4 of 5)

Daniel 11:11 11Then the king of the South [Ptolemy IV Philopator; son of Ptolemy lll] will march out in a rage and fight against the king of the North [Antiochus the Great] who will raise a large army, but he [Antiochus the Great] will be defeated. 12 When the army is carried off, the king of the South [Ptolemy IV Philopator] will be filled with pride and will slaughter many thousands, yet he will not remain triumphant. 13 For the king of the North [Antiochus III the Great] will muster another army, larger than the first; and after several years, he will advance with a huge army fully equipped.

14 “In those times many [An alliance of Syria, Philip of Macedonia/Greece, and many Jews] will rise against the king of the South [Egypt i.e., Ptolemy IV Philopator]. Those who are violent among your people [The Jewish Maccabean family and Zealot Jews of the defunct Kingdom of Judah] will rebel in fulfillment of the vision, but without success. 15 Then the king of the North [Antiochus III the Great] will come and build up siege ramps and will capture a fortified city. The forces of the South will be powerless to resist; even their best troops will not have the strength to stand. 16 The invader [Antiochus III the Great] will do as he pleases; no one will be able to stand against him. He will establish himself in the Beautiful Land [Israel of old. This is symbolic of the antichrist yet to come. This is before and including the 7-year Tribulation to set himself up in the Temple of Jerusalem] and will have the power to destroy it.

17 He [Antiochus the Great] will determine to come with the might of his entire kingdom [Syrian Empire] and will make an alliance with the king of the South. And he will give him [King of Egypt] a daughter [Cleopatra I, born in 204 B.C.] in marriage [political alliances were often sealed by marriage between enemies] to overthrow the kingdom [Egypt], but his planswill not succeed or help him [Cleopatra I takes the side of her husband in Egypt]. 18 Then he will turn his attention to the coast lands [Romans who have yet to become a major power] and will take many of them, but a commander [Scipio Asiaticus, a Roman general] will put an end to his insolence and will turn his insolence back on him. 19 After this, he will turn back toward the fortresses of his own country but will stumble and fall [died], to be seen no more. [The Cleopatra of Egyptian fame, born in 69 B.C., came from this same family line. She eventually married Julius Caesar but had a love affair with Mark Anthony. She had one son with Julius Caesar, and three sons with Mark Anthony]

[At this point in Daniel 11, the angel of the Lord in speaking to Daniel begins to focus on Syria; King Seleucid Philopator, and his son Antiochus IV Epiphanes. This shift begins the parallel prophecy of the antichrist’s actions and end time]

 20 “His [Antiochus the Great] successor [Seleucid Philopator; his eldest son Antiochus] will send out a tax collector [to tax the peoples in the lands of Israel] to maintain the [his personal] royal splendor. However, in a few years, he will be destroyed, not in anger or battle. [He was poisoned. Some believe it was by his younger brother, Mithradates soon to be renamed Antiochus the IV Epiphanes. He assumed the throne upon his brother’s untimely poisoning death]

21He [Seleucid Philopator] will be succeeded by a contemptible person [Antiochus IV Epiphanes “the Illustrious” using his own words; his original name was Mithridates] who has not been given the honor of royalty [natural succession to the throne; held in contempt by those around him]. He will invade the kingdom [Syrian Empire; his own country] when its people feel secure, and he [Antiochus Epiphanes; Life span; 215 B.C. to 164 B.C.] will seize it through intrigue. 22 Then an overwhelming army will be swept away before him; both it [Ptolemy VI Philometer, son of Cleopatra I] and a prince of the covenant [Unknow but possibly a keeper of The Law of Moses; I believe this to be High Priest Jason or Onias III] will be destroyed. 23 After agreeing with him [Egypt and the Province of Israel], he will act deceitfully, and with only a few people he will rise to power. 24 When the richest provinces [those areas supposedly protected by Rome as the 7-year peace treaty will do in the end time] feel secure, he [Epiphanes] will invade them and will achieve what neither his father nor his forefathers did. He will distribute plunder, loot, and wealth among his followers [close associates who support him]. He will plot the overthrow of *fortresses—but only for a time;

JIV AHA MOMENT: Here is the origin of the statement drawing a line (circle) in the sand. Antiochus Epiphanes invades Egypt, his pharaoh nephew, Ptolemy Philometer, son of Cleopatra. He is threatened by Rome. Withdraw his troops or be considered at war with Rome. The Roman emissary demanded an answer from (Antiochus Epiphanes) before stepping out of the circle drawn in the sand. Antiochus Epiphanes agreed, retreated, and took his anger out on Jerusalem slaughtering about 80,000 Jews and disgracing the Temple while retreating to Syria.

25 “With a large army he will stir up his strength and courage against the king of the South [Egypt]. The king of the South [Ptolemy VI Philometer Physcon] will wage war [against Epiphanes of Syria] with a large and very powerful army, but he [Ptolemy VI Philometer Physcon] will not be able to stand because of the plots devised against him [his own people and Satraps of Egypt plotted against him including native Egyptians i.e., Nubians, desiring to replace their ‘GREEK’ Pharaoh with an Egyptian Pharaoh]. 26 Those who eat from the king’s provisions will try to destroy him; his army will be swept away, and many will fall in battle. 27 The two kings [Ptolemy VI Philometer Physcon and Antiochus Epiphanes], with their hearts bent on evil, will sit at the same table and lie to each other, but to no avail because an end will still come at the appointed time. [What end might this be stated as an appointed time? This is probably a dual prophecy that includes the end, as appointed, of End Time Tribulation).  28 The king of the North will return to his own country with great wealth, but his heart will be set against the holy covenant [The Law of Moses being honored in former Israeli territories after being expelled from Egypt by Roman threats of war if he didn’t stand down]. He will take action [with great anger] against it [Israeli territory – Jews of the Tribe of Judah primarily in and around Jerusalem] and then return to his own country. 29 “At the appointed time he [Epiphanes of Syria] will invade the South again, but this time the outcome will be different from what it was before. 30 Ships of the western coast lands [Rome] will oppose him, and he will lose heart. Then he will turn back and vent his fury a second time against the holy covenant [Law of Moses and the Jews in the old Kingdom of Judah current Israel?]. He will return and show favor to those [false and self-centered priests of Judaism; those who preach a false religion rejecting traditional Judaism] who forsake the holy covenant. [NOTE that Daniel’s focus has shifted toward Israel and their survival]

31His armed forces will rise to desecrate the temple fortress [Jerusalem] and will abolish the daily sacrifice. Then they will set up the abomination that causes desolation. 32 With flattery he will corrupt those (Jews) who have violated the covenant, but the people [True and Orthodox Jews of Jerusalem – the beginning of the Maccabeus revolt; 167 B.C. to 69 B.C.] who [Maccabee family of a father and five sons] know their God will firmly resist him. [after 175 B.C. and just before 167 B.C. Antiochus Epiphanes of Syria plundered the Temple, captured Jerusalem once again, offered pig sacrifices on the altar of God, and forbid circumcision, Sabbath worship, and possession of the Law of Moses; manuscripts. He died in 164 B.C.E.]; 3 ½ years after he began the abomination and desecration of the Temple. This is the same sequence of events as the antichrist’s (Satan himself) demise for setting himself up in the Temple. He is shackled and then confined to the Abyss for 1,000 years).

33 “Those [Jews of Jerusalem; 2 Maccabees 5:11–14] who are wise will instruct many, though for a time they [followers of the High Priest. Menelaus was High Priest in Jerusalem from 171 BC to about 161 BC. He was the successor of Jason, the brother of Onias III.] will fall by the sword or be burned or captured or plundered. 34 When they fall, they will receive a little help, and many who are not sincere [to the Laws of Moses] will join them. 35 Some of the wise will stumble, so that they may be refined, purified, and made spotless until the time of the end [JIV: This could be a reference to the 144,000 discussed in Revelations 14:3,4] for it will still come at the appointed time.