Naming Names of Daniel 11
Daniel 11 is a full discussion in and of itself. By taking historical records and comparing, perhaps better said…paralleling them to historical bible records of prophecy, we are able to identify proper names instead of the generic pronouns often used in chapter 11. This is a separate set of articles due to its length with added narratives mostly in red. The proper names of persons, places and things will be inserted in the following articles on Daniel. One of the major reasons Daniel 11 is written using pronoun descriptions instead of specific names, places, and things is its dual parallel prophecies with End Time events. Think on this factor then Daniel 11 will make more sense. We now “fill in the blanks” per the persons’, places and things of Daniel 11.
Daniel 11 (JIV insertion of the historical names referenced in Daniel 11)
1 And in the first year of Darius the Mede [the first king referred to after the fall of Babylon to the Medes & Persians] the angel Michael took my stand to support and protect him.) (NOTE: Ever wonder WHY he (Michael) took a stand to protect Darius the Mede???? Allow us to submit a suggestion.
The Lion’s Den event occurred under Darius. He only ruled for two years but was the doorway through which Daniel transferred his Babylonian loyalties as a ruler to the Mede-Persian government over the same territories. It was at this time the 70 year Babylonian captivity was coming to an end. Daniel needed to have an inside track in order to approach the King of Persia (Cyrus). Cyrus knew about Daniel through Darius.
The Kings of the South and the North
2 “Now then, [the angel Michael is speaking] I tell you [Daniel] the truth: Three more kings will arise in Persia, and then a fourth, who will be far richer than all the others. [Cambyses, Smerdis, Darius the Great, Xerxes (aka: Ahasuerus)] When he [Xerxes/Ahasuerus; to whom Esther married] has gained power by his wealth, he will stir up everyone against the kingdom of Greece [Xerxes invaded Greece with land troops and a navy. Successful at first, he had to return to Babylon to put down a revolt there. He left behind a commander who lost the war with Macedonia-Greece but left great anger in the hearts of the Greeks]. 3 Then a mighty king [Alexander the Great of Macedonia-Greece [356-323 B.C.]; invades Persia in retaliation for what Xerxes [Ahasuerus] of Persia [519 B.C.—died 465, Persepolis, Iran, Persian king 486–465 B.C., the son and successor of Darius] had done to Greece many years prior; Artaxerxes the V was in power in Persia when Alexander conquered this empire killing it’s royalty] will arise, who will rule with great power and do as he pleases. 4 After he [Alexander] has arisen his empire will be broken up and parceled out toward the four winds of heaven. It will not go to his descendants, nor will it have the power he exercised, because his empire will be uprooted and given to others. [Alexander’s Greek Empire, the major portions of it, was ultimately divided between four of his major generals; Ptolemy in Egypt, General Seleucus Nicator- who began the Seleucid (Syrian) empire, Greek General Cassander took control of Greece proper but was challenged by General Antigonus, and General Lysimachus who took control of Thracia between Greece and Turkey. This is the territory the Apostle Paul evangelized 300+ years later; N.T.]
5 “The king of the South [General Ptolemy I in Egypt] will become strong, but one of his former commanders [Seleucus Ist Nicator; several of Alexander’s generals were fighting for the same territory] will become even stronger than he and will rule his [Seleucus Ist Nicator – Syrian empire] own kingdom with great power (history tells us that Seleucus became strong and took some of the Middle East including Syria from Antigonus). 6After some years, they (Egypt and Syria) will become allies. The daughter [Berenice] of the king of the South [Ptolemy Philadelphius] will go to the king of the North [Antiochus II] to make an alliance, but she will not retain her power [two years after the marriage-alliance Ptolomy Philadelphius in Egypt dies], and he [Antiochus II] and his power[ will not last. In those days she [Berenice] will be betrayed, together with her royal escort and her father and the one who supported her. [Laodice, the first wife of Antiochus retaliated for him divorcing her and marrying Berenice by first murdering him then Berenice, her children by Antiochus and all attendants were put to the sword]
7 “One from her [Berenice’s] family line [her brother Ptolemy Euregetes – Egypt] will rise to take her place. He [Ptolemy Euregetes] will attack the forces of the king [Seleucus II] of the North [to avenge his sister Berenice. He attacks Seleucus II Callinicus, King of Syria] and enter his fortress; he will fight against them and be victorious. 8 He [King Ptolemy Euregetes of Egypt, Berenice’s brother] will also seize their [Syrian] gods, their metal images, and their valuable articles of silver and gold and carry them off to Egypt [the Southern Kingdom]. For some years he will leave the king of the North [Syria] alone. 9 Then the king of the North [Seleucus II] will invade the realm of the king of the South [Egypt] but will retreat to his own country. 10 His sons [Seleucus III and Antiochus the Great of Syria; 223 B.C. will prepare for war and assemble a great army, which will sweep on like an irresistible flood and carry the battle as far as his [Ptolemy Euegetes of Egypt] fortress. [The Syrians have limited success regaining former territory lost earlier by Seleucus II of Syria but does recapture the area of ancient Israel from the Ptolemy lll of Egypt, Berenice’s brother]
11 “Then the king of the South [Ptolemy Philopator; son of Ptlolemy lll] will march out in a rage and fight against the king of the North [Antiochus the Great] who will raise a large army, but it will be defeated. 12 When the army is carried off, the king of the South [Ptolemy IV Philopator] will be filled with pride and will slaughter many thousands, yet he will not remain triumphant. 13 For the king of the North [Antiochus the Great] will muster another army, larger than the first; and after several years, he will advance with a huge army fully equipped.
14 “In those times many [An alliance of Syria, Philip of Macedonia/Greece, and many Jews] will rise against the king of the South [Egypt; i.e. Ptolemy IV Philopator]. Those who are violent among your own people [The Jewish Maccabean family and Zealot Jews of the defunct Kingdom of Judah] will rebel in fulfillment of the vision, but without success. 15 Then the king of the North [Antiochus III the Great] will come and build up siege ramps and will capture a fortified city [Jerusalem]. The forces of the South will be powerless to resist; even their best troops will not have the strength to stand. 16 The invader [Antiochus III the Great; Syria] will do as he pleases; no one will be able to stand against him. He will establish himself in the Beautiful Land [Israel of old; this is symbolic of the antichrist yet to come, prior to and including the 7 year Tribulation, to set himself up in the Temple of Jerusalem] and will have the power to destroy it [the “IT” being Jerusalem].
17 He [Antiochus the Great/symbolic anti-Christ] will determine to come with the might of his entire kingdom [Syrian/antichrist’s Empire] and will make an alliance with the king of the South. And he will give him [King of Egypt] a daughter [Cleopatra I, born in 204 BC]in marriage [alliances were often sealed by marriage between enemies so their offspring might rule both kingdoms] in order to overthrow the kingdom [Egypt], but his plans[c] will not succeed or help him [Cleopatra I ends up taking the side of her husband in Egypt; kingdom of the south]. 18 Then he will turn his attention to the coastlands and will take many of them [Israelis], but a commander [Scipio Asiaticus, a Roman general] will put an end to his insolence and will turn his insolence back on him. 19 After this, he will turn back toward the fortresses of his own country but will stumble and fall [died], to be seen no more. [The Cleopatra of Egyptian and TV movie fame came from this same family line born in 69 B.C. eventually married Julius Caesar, had a love affair with Mark Anthony; one son with Julius Caesar; three sons with Mark Anthony]
At this point the angel of the Lord, talking to Daniel, begins to focuses on Syria; King (of the north) Seleucid Philopator and his son Antiochus IV Epiphanes. It is at this point in scripture we begin to see the future diverging histories of what is now history and the End Time anti-Christ symbolisms]
20 “His [Antiochus the Great] successor [Seleucid Philopator; his eldest son of Antiochus] will send out a tax collector [to tax the peoples in the lands of Israel robbing the Temple treasury] to maintain the [his personal] royal splendor. In a few years, however, he will be destroyed, yet not in anger or in battle. [He was poisoned; some believe, by his younger brother], Mithradates was soon to be named Antiochus the IV Ephiphanes, [who assumed the throne upon Seleucid Philopator’s untimely death by poison]
We pick it up at this point in our next article on Daniel 11.