Does the book of Daniel’s prophecies fit into the
rest of the Bible, secular history, and the world yet to be?
The following is a shortened overview of the Old Testament leading up to and past the time of Daniel. It will provide evidence to the Bible doubter that Bible history (Daniel) and world history are on the same timeline. One might say “in the same river”. This commentary series may serve as a type of personal Old Testament Bible guide. The Book of Daniel marked the end of the Kingdom of Judah. Memorizing such events could be daunting. Knowing where to find the answer is the smartest approach. Included will be some clarifications of the background of the Book of Daniel. Doing so will be equal to the required undergraduate levels of Bible studies. Do not be alarmed. There are no written tests:>)
Periods of Old Testament History:
The first verse in the Bible reveals that…
…“In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.” [Genesis 1:1 NASB]
We do not know exactly when creation took place. There may be time gaps between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2. An additional possibility of a time gap is when God designated day and night (V5). The way we currently understand the laws of Physics, including the Theory of General Relativity, secular and evangelical scientists are certain that the universe (time, space, and matter) has a beginning point. We (they) have not always existed. The book of Genesis reveals that God created the universe “In the beginning…” This we label as the Pre-Abrahamic period of Old Testament History; prehistoric per secularists. One could also identify it as pre-Noah history. This is not God’s beginning, but the beginning of time, space, and matter. Pre-Noah time is mistakenly not identified for what it is…Prehistoric.
In the Pre-Abrahamic/Noah period, the book of Genesis describes:
- From where man, woman, and marriage came.
- It explains from where sin and death came.
- It details the first murder.
- It describes a time when God destroyed the earth by a great flood.
- It outlines from where the nations and the diversity of races and languages that we have on the earth came. NOTE: It is not our goal at the present time to go into detail on any of these events. This Old Testament overview will help the reader gain a tangible understanding of where, and how the book of Daniel fits into the Old and New Testament including End Time.
God begins tracing his “chosen” people beginning with Abraham. God sets Abraham’s descendants apart as chosen. Interestingly, Abraham is from whom three different major religions trace their origins: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Both Jews and most Arabs genetically come from Abraham. There is one Arabic *exception most do not realize. Abraham left (called out of) his country, Ur in Babylon (modern-day Iraq), and followed God’s directions to a new territory, Canaan. This is where modern-day Israel, southern Jordan, and Palestine are located. 400 years come between Noah and Abraham (Genesis 11:10-32).
*The Arab exception…Genesis 10:20-25. Peleg and Joktan were brothers, sons of *Eber. They went their own individual way as adults. There is no recorded conflict between them as brothers. Not like Esau and Jacob or
*Eber is from where the identity name Hebrew originates. God’s chosen came through Peleg, one of two sons of Eber. Eber was the great-grandson of Noah’s son Shem. Abraham came from the lineage of Shem (son of Noah). However, so did some of the worse people born into this world also have DNA of Shem.
Genesis chapter 10 is the family of nations. One might enjoy and gain greatly by examining this chapter. Arabs? Abraham is a tenth-generation descendant of Noah. This is about 400 years. Abraham is a fourth-generation grandson of Peleg. God named people called Israel I the task of being The Light (Matthew 5:13-16; Isaiah 49:6) for the world on the hillside. Jesus was born through the line of Abraham. Israel failed at their calling.
Joktan, one of two sons of Eber, had thirteen sons…see PS: These sons became known for what is understood today in the Middle East as the first and only Pure Arabs. The mixture of Ishmael and Esau’s offspring are by definition “dirty Arabs.” The only people today possibly considered in the line of Pure Arabs are the people native to Yemen. Any Arab mix of bloodlines outside of the sons and direct descendants of Joktan are mixed or dirty Arabs.
PS: This is a fascinating study in and of itself. Perhaps we will offer some insights into this connection that goes all the way back to Eber: Joktan and Peleg. One insight is the name Arab. From where did it originate? There is an Arab tradition that Joktan was the progenitor of all the true (13) tribes of Southern Arabia with original homesteads in what today we call Yemen. Joktan has been identified with Qahtān (Arabic: قحطان), the ancestral figure of Qahtanites, in traditional Arab genealogy. The names Qahtan and Joktan are interchangeable. To help understand, the letter “J” did not originate until the mid-1500s AD.
CAUTION: Be diligent with what one reads from Wikipedia. This resource is known to bend the truth or leave out important details or question its own explanations. We have researched what is valid in the previous PS.
Abraham had two sons; Ishmael, from whom some of the (dirty or mixed DNA) Arabs trace their lineage, and Isaac, from whom Israel and the Jews trace their DNA lineage. Isaac had two sons, Jacob, and Esau. Esau took a third wife from the lineage of Ishmael, a son of Abraham and Hagar. He wanted to please his father Abraham after marrying *outside his own people twice. However, Esau’s choice of a wife born of Ishmael and an Egyptian was not what Abraham had wished. This adds to the division between Arabs and Israelis. Both descended from Abraham, so both claim the blessing of Abraham. Think about this…Ishmael was Abraham’s firstborn, not Isaac. Isaac had four wives. We have limited knowledge of their heritage. Their DNA connecting line does not go back to any other than the 12 sons who are descended from Isaac. However, there is the mitochondrial DNA of the wives of the 12 offspring called the Tribes of Israel.
*Esau’s three wives are given more context and background by the rabbis than in the Torah. Esau’s first two wives, Adah and Judith, are described as adulterous and idolatrous. Adah (also called Basemath) is linked with harlotry, as her name is linked with jewelry and perfume. Judith (also called Ohlibamah) is similarly linked by her name to idolatry and is also described as adulterous. However, the rabbis disagree as to the nature of Esau’s third wife, Mahalat. Again through the interpretation of her name, the rabbis link her both to Esau’s repentance and alternatively to his fall further into evil.
Jacob, whose name God changed to Israel, had twelve sons – the twelve tribes of Israel are the descendants of these twelve sons. However, one MUST NOTE, we know little about these sons’ wives. The book of Genesis ends up with Jacob, his twelve sons, one daughter, the wives of his sons, and their kids all moving to Egypt to avoid starving from the famine in the lands of Canaan… the lands originally settled and promised to Abraham as the Promised Lands.
Aha moment insight: Isaac was old and felt he was about to die when Jacob stole the blessing from his older twin brother Esau (Genesis 27). Their father Isaac actually had over forty years of life left! Perhaps this says something about what happens when we lose one of our senses and the depression that follows. *Isaac felt he was about to die, but feelings do not necessarily mean that something terminal is about to happen. Jacob left his homeland a single man in his 70s owning nothing. He feared his brother Esau. He returned with two wives, two concubines that will give him 12 sons, and immense wealth.
Note: Esau had vowed to kill Jacob when their father died. Isaac thought he was at death’s doorstep. He was wrong. He still had over twenty years to live in the vicinity of his father Isaac.
The offspring of Israel (Jacob) spent over 400 years in Egypt; eventually becoming slaves to the Egyptians. Why? The Israelite population had become almost as large as that of the native Egyptians. The book of Exodus takes up Israel’s 12 tribe history near the end of this long period of living in Egypt. Four books of the Bible – Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy – cover mostly the wilderness wandering of the Israelites. The entire Old Testament is about a nation, Israel. The new Testament is about individual relationships with Jesus.
During this time, God used Moses to liberate the Israelis from their oppression in Egypt. Also, during their time wandering in the Wilderness, God gives Moses the Ten Commandments and other laws for the eventual Nation of Israel. This new nation of wandering Israel had yet to conquer the lands of Canaan. That didn’t happen until after the twelve tribes had left Egypt, ceased wandering in the wilderness, and prepared to cross the Jordan River.
After God gives the Ten Commandments and the other laws, Moses sends twelve spies into Canaan. When they return, ten of the spies out of fear give a bad report, refusing to begin conquering the Promised land. They complain to Moses and to God. A land of plenty but filled with giants. God punishes Israel by making them continue living in the desert wilderness. The Egypt and the Israelite Exodus period begin about *1446 BC. None of the Exodus Israelis who left Egypt, other than Joshua and Caleb and those under the age of 20, lived to enter the Promised Lands. It was the sons and daughters who crossed the Jordan River and confronted the people of Jericho.
*Here is a dating issue with which one must deal. After the 12 Tribes take the lands promised to them, they are each independent, a confederacy of Tribes, and ruled by judges of Israel. After a period of Tribal independence, judges, 15 in all, were appointed one at a time to bring unity to the Promised Land of the Tribes of Israel. Caleb’s younger brother’s son Othniel was the first judge over Israel. 320 to 350 years pass until the final Israeli judge Samuel anoints Saul as king. This ended the judgeship of Israel. He was anointed around 1050 BC. He rules for about 40 years. So does King David, as would King Solomon. 40 years each. Now calculated the dates. One should mathematically end up around 940 BC. 937 BC is when the nation of Israel split into two kingdoms in. The dates in history fit!
Part 2 next week…